Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Furnishings by Heppelwhite

      Heppelwhite was the style to follow Chippendale. George Heppel white died in 1786 and the furniture business he had established was carried on by his widow, Alice, under the name of A. Heppelwhite & Co.
      The first edition of his book, "The Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Guide," did not appear until two years after his death.
      Heppelwhite's designs were of a severe straight line style based on classic principles. His shield-backed chairs are his best known type. The square, tapering leg with a spade foot, is most used, although turning is sometimes employed but never the cabriole leg so popular with Chippendale. A distinguishing feature of Heppelwhite chair backs was the use of the Prince of Wales plume. Sheraton never used this in his chair designs and it is a feature that often settles the author- ship of certain patterns that otherwise are very similar. Another distinguishing feature is that Heppelwhite's shield back chairs usually have a plain, curved top rail, while Sheraton's are broken or with a small rectangular panel in the center.
      Upholstering and cane were both used on chairs and settees. Carvings were very delicate and refined. Veneering, marqueterie and painting were all used. Mahogany was the popular wood.
      Characteristic features of the style are: Honeysuckle, wheat ear and water leaf ornament; shield back chairs and straight legs.
Upholstered Settee, from Heppelwhite's Book.
Top left, Heppelwhite Shield Back Chair, showing Heppelwhite
Top right, Shield Back Chair, from Prince of Wales Plume, South his book. Kensington Museum.
Bottom left, Chair from Heppelwhite's Book, showing
Bottom right, Upholstered Wing Chair, from Heppel- Prince of Wales Plume. white's Boole.
Top, Sideboard from Heppelwhite's Book, showing Concave Corners, Square Leg and Spade Foot.
Bottom left, Bed from Heppelwhite's Book.
Bottom right, Heppelwhite Chest of Drawers with LIBRARY Removable Toilet.
Heppelwhite Bed, from his book.

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