Interiors by Design

      Interior design describes a group of various yet related projects that involve turning an interior space into an "effective setting for the range of human activities" that are to take place there. An interior designer is someone who conducts such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, liaising with the stakeholders of a project and the management and execution of the design.
A kitchen interior, c. 1565.
      In the past, Interiors were put together instinctively as a part of the process of building. The profession of interior design has been a consequence of the development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the development of industrial processes. The pursuit of effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed to the development of the contemporary interior design profession.
      Throughout the 18th century and into the early 19th Century, interior decoration was the concern of the homemaker or, in well off families an upholsterer or craftsman may influence the style of the interior space. Architects would also employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior design for their buildings. Towards the end of the 19th century interior decorating emerged as a profession in the Western world. This was due to various actions, particularly by women, to professionalise the homemaking process. Elsie De Wolfe has often been credited with the creation of the interior decorating profession in the United States. Having successfully re-designed her own home, De Wolfe began offering her services to other people within her social circle. As people began offering interior decoration as a service the professionalization of this service gained momentum.
      Because interior design was previously seen as playing a secondary role to architecture. It also has many connections to other design disciplines, involving the work of architects, industrial designers, engineers, builders, craftsmen, etc. For these reasons the government of interior design standards and qualifications was often incorporated into other professional organisations that involved design.
      The profession of interior design is not clearly defined and projects undertaken by an interior designer vary widely. Terms such as decorator and designer are often used interchangeably. However, there is a distinction between the terms that relates to the scope of work performed, the level of education achieved, and often, professional accreditation as an interior designer.
      Interior Designer implies that there is more of an emphasis on Planning, Functional design and effective use of space involved in this profession, as compared to interior decorating. An interior designer can undertake projects that include arranging the basic layout of spaces within a building as well as projects that require an understanding of technical issues such as acoustics, lighting, temperature, etc. Although an interior designer may create the layout of a space, they may not alter load-bearing walls without having their designs stamped for approval by an architect. Interior Designers often work directly with architectural firms.
 Four poster, wooden bed and cradle.
      An interior designer may wish to specialize in a particular type of interior design in order to develop technical knowledge specific to that area. Types of interior design include residential design, commercial design, hospitality design, healthcare design, universal design, exhibition design, spatial branding, etc. The profession of Interior Design is relatively new, constantly evolving, and often confusing to the public. It is an art form that is consistently changing and evolving. Not only is it an art, but it also relies on research from many fields to provide a well-trained designer's understanding of how people are influenced by their environments. NCIDQ, the board for Interior Design qualifications, defines the profession in the best way: The Professional Interior Designer is qualified by education, experience, examination to enhance the function and quality of interior spaces.
      Under this category I will include many photos, drawings and newspaper articles from the late 1800s through the 1950s that represent both the designs and furnishings of homes built in the United States. These will not be posted within the context of a timeline but the dates and origins of the artifacts will be included along with each post for those of you who are concerned with their authenticity.

Posts Labeled, "Interiors by Design"

       The video below was produced by The Society of British and International Design (SBID) based in London is a professional body for interior design professionals in practice, education and manufacture. Founded in 2009 to establish and secure the trained design profession as a standard bearer organisation, it connects professionals with the public to provide assurance of quality by recognition of training and standards. It promotes the sole route to a career in an interior design practice through a degree and works with leading universities in the United Kingdom. Interior Designers and Interior Decorators have been defined in an agreement with the National Council of Interior Design Qualification NCIDQ Professional Members with four years recognized education and a Degree plus two years work experience are entitled to use the SBID accreditation. Other member categories are not. The established Code of Conduct and Ethics is shared with sixteen Countries across Europe through membership with the European Council of Interior Architects (ECIA) The membership organization has 1,500 members with a universal network of 50,000 professionals. You can visit their website here to learn more about them.

"Architects vs Interior Designers - Can they share the same design space? This vLog from the Surface Design Show and the Society of British Interior Design looks at whether Architects and Interior Designers can share the same design space. Can they work together harmoniously, learn from each other or will they constantly step on each others' creative toes? Architects and designers from Gensler & 1508 London give their views on the roles and interface between the two and you're invited to share your comments."

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